The Doberman Pinscher is a breed of dog that was created in the 1890s by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, a local tax collector, night watchman, and dog hunter in Apolda, Germany. After his death in 1894, the breed was named after him and became known as the Doberman Pinscher. It is believed that Dobermann crossed many breeds to obtain the Doberman Pinscher, such as the Rottweiler, German Pinscher, Great Dane, German Shepherd Dog, Manchester Terrier, and English Shorthair Greyhound. The exact combination of breeds used is unknown, but it is believed that the old German shepherd provided intelligence, strength, and resistance; the Rottweiler provided the black and tan pattern; the German Pinscher added courage and speed; and the Weimaraner provided olfactory skill.
In 1921, George Earle III founded the Doberman Pinscher Club of America in Michigan to promote race purity. Around 1900, there was a greater refinement of the breed when it was documented crossing with the greyhound and Manchester Terrier. Oskar Vorwerk and George Earle III founded the National Dobermann Pinscher Club in Apolda in 1899 to establish official rules for breeding the breed. Today, the Doberman is a much milder family-oriented dog than it was originally.
It is rapidly gaining popularity in some major cities such as Chicago, Illinois and could soon enter the list of the 5 most popular breeds in that city according to the AKC. Of the 293 breeds included in a global survey, the Doberman was ranked as the 26th most popular dog breed in the world with 20,941 new registrations every year. If you are looking for a big loyal dog that will protect your home and family while providing love and companionship, then a Doberman may be the perfect choice for you. With its intelligence, strength, resistance, courage, speed, olfactory skill, and natural protection capacity, it is no wonder why this breed has become so popular around the world.